The Igroup Presence Questionnaire (IPQ) is a scale for measuring the sense of presence experienced in a virtual environment (VE). It has been constructed using a large pool of items and two survey waves with approximately 500 participants. It was originally constructed in German, but is now also available in English and Dutch.
read more

Common subjects

computer science | psychology | art | engineering | design | media sciences | architecture


weimar | jena | ulm | leipzig | bonn | hong kong | eindhoven | freiburg | london | dunedin | hull | oslo



igroup.org - project consortium

SiSSy – Simply Slope Syntax

project banner

Creates SPSS Syntax for interaction analyses and simple slope computation

cAR/PE! – 3D Teleconferencing

project banner

3D Teleconferencing system with Office and 3D data integration; simulation of a face-to-face meeting on standard PC's


project banner

Continued research activities on the sense of presence presented at the Presence 2002 workshop in Porto / Portugal

The MagicDesk

project banner

Augmented Reality system for a CAD engineer's desk. Implements an almost seamless transition from 2D to 3D interfaces.

The MagicPen

project banner

Design and implementation project on a new 5 degrees of freedom input device for Augmented and Virtual Reality.

The „Igroup Presence Questionnaire“ (IPQ)

project banner

IPQ is a psychological scale that measures the subjective sense of presence in a virtual environment. The project describes development and testing of the scale. You can download the scale and sample data to use it in your own research.

Clara – A 3D-webbrowser

project banner

an extendable VRML-based browser that integrates fully funtional websites into treedimensional worlds.


project banner

a minimal-art VRML-viewer with movies composed of ascii-graphics

Jolanda – Immersive VRML

project banner

a fully featured VRML97 browser for the use in immersive virtual reality setups

Kubus – A Seminary Table

project banner

a handcrafted furniture, adjustable in four heights, providing elegant style for seminary rooms. Ideal as a stand for laptops or as lectern.

International Graduate College

project banner

a webdesign project with a stylesheet based layout.

MAMBO – Multimedia in distant education

project banner

a research project in order to support traditional paper-based and multimedia-enhanced courses in a single publishing system.


project banner

an artistic approach to autonmous erection of housing structures by nano-bots ("techno-parasites")

VRAM – Virtual Reality Aided Modeler

project banner

is a fully immersive, three-dimensional exploration and modeling tool. It is designed to intuitively view and manipulate Virtual Reality (VR) worlds.

AMT – Presence and Interaction in Virtual Environments

project banner

Three studies showing relations between interaction and the sense of presence in virtual environments. Results regarding the possibility of self-movement, character-like animations, and imaginary interaction are of special interest for the design of VE's in general.

Head Mounted Display Design

project banner

a head mounted display is an orthotic that allows the user to get into the visual part of a virtual environment

CommPlace – Working Together

project banner

The goal of this project was to design a workplace that integrated a computer and allowed working in distributed teams. The designed solution integrated a desktop with a special interface for using the communication functionality.

planeDesign – Defining Space

project banner

planeDesign is a virtual reality software supporting the early phases of the design process.

Acrophobia – Measuring Fear of Heights

project banner

The Acrophobia experiment investigated real emotions in virtual environments. In particular, we tested how the anxiety felt in front of a virtual cliff is influenced by the sense of presence experienced by the user of the virtual environment.

Platform – A Virtual Reality Furniture

project banner

Platform is a furniture construction especially designed for the use in immersive Virtual Reality (VR) environments.

voxDesign – Sketching in 3D

project banner

voxDesign is an immersive Virtual Reality (VR) tool supporting the early phases of design processes